Biography of India's greatest musician Tansen


 Biography of Tansen

Born in Gwalior, Tansen was one of India's most famous and greatest composers, who contributed significantly to the development of classical music.  Mughal emperor Akbar was also so impressed with his singing that he included Tansen among the nine gems of his court.

 Sangeet Samrat Tansen was a musician who had singing as well as playing skills, he also composed many ragas due to his musical understanding.  Apart from this, Tansen also did many compositions.  He is also known as Sangeet Samrat and Miyantansen, so let's know, some important things related to the life of the great musician Tansen

Biography of India's greatest musician Tansen
Biography of India's greatest musician Tansen

About Tansen's life

  • Real Name        Ramtanu Pandeji (Tansen)
  • Birthday           1506 Birthplace Gwalior
  • Father Name    Mukund Mishra
  • Death                26 April 1586, Delhi

Introduction of tansen life

Only at the young age of 6 years, Tansen demonstrated the art of hidden music within himself.  Thereafter he remained a follower of Swami Haridas, a learned composer of Vrindavan, as well as Raja Man Singh Tomar of Gwalior (1486–1516 AD), who was adept at the Dhrupada type of music.
 Tansen's knowledge of music was soon recognized.  At that time Haridas was considered to be the most intelligent and successful teacher.  Scholars believe that once Haridas was passing through the forest and then he saw Ramatanu (Tansen) singing, and Haridas was enchanted upon seeing him.  Rather, according to other sources, Tansen's father sent Tansen to Haridas to practice music.

 From Haridas, Tansen not only learned his Dhrupad art but also composed his music in the local language.  This was a time when the Bhakti era was gradually changing from Sanskrit to the vernacular (Brajbhasha and Hindi).  And at this time Tansen's creations greatly influenced the people.

 Meanwhile, after some time Tansen's father also died and due to this, Tansen had to come back home and it is said that after returning home, he used to sing devotional songs in local language in the Shiva temple.  Along with this, Tansen used to go to the court of Muhammad Ghuda and display his art in any festival.  When Tansen was associated with the Ghuda tradition, before that he had trained with devotional songs from Swami Haridas.  And Tansen's work gained much popularity during his time.

 In the music composed by Tansen, we see a mixture of Braj and Hindi language.  Tansen composed most of the devotional songs in devotion to Krishna and Shiva.  Tansen was greatly influenced by other singers in the court of Gwalior and he also taught a lot from them.  Other musicians in Gwalior include Baiju Bawra.  As a result, Tansen joined the court of King Ramachandra Baghela of Reva.

 Where he lived from 1555 to 1562.  It is said that during this time, the Mughal emperor Akbar had heard about the art and talent of Tansen and he also sent Jalaluddin Kurechi to bring Tansen to the court of Ramachandra.  And after that Tansen went to Akbar's court.  At the age of 57, Tansen visited Akbar's court in 1562.  Tansen suddenly joined Akbar's court.

 Mughal ruler Akbar gave Tansen the title of "Mia" and even today we know Tansen as "Mia Tansen".  According to historical experts, Akbar gave 100,000 gold coins in reward at Tansen's first art performance.  The presence of musician Tansen in Akbar's court has been a matter of discussion for centuries.

 But according to historical experts, Akbar was greatly influenced by the musical art of Tansen and that is why he included Tansen in his nine jewels.

 The historical fort Fatehpur Sikri is largely associated with Tansen's tenure.  A pond was built near the ruler's room, in the middle of which was a small island, where Tansen exhibited his art.  Today this small pond is called Anoop Talav, which we can see near Diwan-i-Aam.  It is said that Tansen used to sing different ragas at different times at different times of the day.  People who were happy with his performance also gave him gifts as coins.

History of Tansen's life

Tansen's father Mukund Mishra was a rich poet and popular musician, who lived in the religious temple of Varanasi for some time. Tansen's name at birth was Ramatanu. Tansen was born at a time when many Persian and Central Asian adapters were mixing Indian classical music.

 It was from his works and his writings that modern poets were inspired to create Indian classical ethos. His tradition was enriched by many descendants and followers. Rather, today we definitely see the connection of Tansen in classical music in every Indian home. According to scholars, he was also famous in history for copying the sounds of animals and birds.

Mia Tansen is one of Akbar's popular Navratnas

Akbar was very fond of music and about Tansen, Akbar had heard the praise of his voice and musical art from many people, that is why Akbar wanted to bring Tansen to his court in any condition, but rather for that he would fight Was also ready to do it. That is why when Tansen joined Akbar's court, Akbar included him in his Navratnas.

Tansen death

According to some historical sources, Tansen died in Delhi on 26 April 1586 and Akbar and all his courtiers were present on his last visit. However, according to other sources, he died on 6 May 1589. He was buried at the birthplace Behat (near Gwalior).

Tansen award

Every year in December, the national music festival 'Tansen Festival' is held near Tansen's tomb. The "Tansen Award" is given in his honor for the great contributions made by the great musician Tansen in the field of music.

 The award is given by the Government of India by musicians who have excelled in the field of music. The ragas produced by him will always remind him of the glorious history of his versatility. Music Emperor Tansen's name will always remain immortal in the category of All India Singers of Indian Music.

Contributions to the compositions and music of the great composer Tansen

The great musician Tansen was not only a great singer and instrumentalist, but also a great poet, he composed many Hindu mythological stories, he described the glory and praise of Lord Ganesha, Shankar and Vishnu in his works. Wrote his compositions in Dhrupad style. These three compositions are mainly mentioned in the works done by Tansen. Those whose names are as follows-

  • "Shriganesh Stotra "
  • "Ragamala"
  • "Music"

Apart from this, many of the tharaspads of Tansen were also composed. Along with this, Tansen composed many ragas like Bhairava, Malhar, Rageshwari, Darbarirodi, Darbari Kanada, Sarang. He has contributed immensely to the development of classical music in India. Hence, he is also considered the father of Indian classical music.

 Along with this, the Dhrupad style of music is also due to Tansen. Many ragas produced by Tansen have been classified into several parts for simplicity and easy to explain. His contribution in the field of music is invaluable, Tansen is counted among the all-India singers. At the same time, he is also known as Sangeet Samrat because of his amazing musical skills.

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